Basic Bahasa Indonesia Vocabulary

Here a list of what I consider the most useful words in Bahasa Indonesia. Those you have to memorize first when you start learning this language.

I’ve used large parts of this vocabulary list in the series of articles I wrote about Bahasa Indonesia for beginners. You can find those articles here.

I use some personnal abreviations or notations to help you have the right pronounciation. I explained it in this article.

Essential words

  1. Orang : people
  2. Anak : child
  3. Hal : thing
  4. Ya : yes
  5. Tida(k) : no
  6. Bagus : good
  7. Terima kasih (inf. makasih) : thank you
  8. Teman : friend
  9. Rumah : house
  10. Tas : bag
  11. Baju : cloth
  12. Harga : price
  13. Gedung : building
  14. Cowok : guy
  15. Cewek : girl
  16. Pacar : boy/girlfriend

Verbs

  1. Ada : have / there is
  2. Ambil : take
  3. Dapat : get
  4. Pergi : go
  5. Mau : want
  6. Bisa : can
  7. Boleh : may
  8. Bawa : bring
  9. Butuh : need
  10. Kasih : give
  11. Jadi : become
  12. Tidak jadi : cancel
  13. Bantu : help
  14. Rasa : feel
  15. Cari : look for
  16. Beli : buy
  17. Main : play
  18. Tidur : sleep
  19. Tau : know
  20. Pulang : go home
  21. Ketemu : meet
  22. Hilang : loose
  23. Tanya : ask (a question)
  24. Minta : ask (for something)
  25. Suka : like
  26. Tarau : put
  27. Jalan : go (by walking)
  28. Naik : ride (lit. rise).
  29. Turun : get off (lit. go down)
  30. Berhenti : stop
  31. Ikut : join / follow
  32. Tunggu : wait

Conjunctions and adverbs

  1. Dan : and
  2. Atau : or
  3. Dengen / sama : with
  4. Tetapi (inf. tapi) : but
  5. Kalau : if
  6. Juga : also
  7. Ini : this
  8. Itu : that
  9. Sini : here
  10. Situ : there
  11. Banya(k) : a lot
  12. Sedikit : few
  13. Mungkin : maybe
  14. Semua : all
  15. Lebih : more
  16. Kurang : less
  17. Nanti : after
  18. Kemarin : yesterday
  19. Besok : tomorrow
  20. Masih : still
  21. Belum : not yet

Adjectives

  1. Besar : large
  2. Kecil : small
  3. Bagus : good
  4. Tidak bagus : bad
  5. Cape(k) : tired
  6. Takut : afraid
  7. Senang : happy
  8. Sedih : sad
  9. Jauh : far
  10. Dekat : close
  11. Marah : angry
  12. Benar : right
  13. Salah : wrong / faulty

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