Session 11 : Opinion & Preference – Learn Bahasa Indonesia

Express your preference : the basic vocabulary

  • Lebih : more
  • Kurang : less
  • Paling : most
  • Daripada : than
  • Aku lebih suka pisang daripada markisa [I more like banana than passion fruit] : I prefer banana to passion fruit
  • Dia kurang suka pake mobil, sukanya pake motor [He less like use car, like his use motorbike] : He like less to use a motorbike, he prefers to use a car
    • Dia kurang suka pake mobil daripada pake motor is grammatically correct but doesn’t sound idiomatic
  • Makanan yang paling aku suka itu iga bakar sereh [Food which most I like that rib grilled lemongrass] : My favorite food is grilled ribs with lemongrass
    • Paling besar is the same as terbesar (structure we saw in last session) but you can also use paling with verbs.
  • Pantai yang pasirnya paling putih yang saya pernah temui [Beach which sand most white which I yet meet] : The beach with the whitest sand I have ever seen

Give your opinion

  • Pikir : think
  • Percaya : believe / trust
  • (inf.) Kayaknya : apparently (litteral translation but very often used as an equivalent of I think)
  • (inf.) Kupikir lebih bagus kalau berangkat pagi pagi [I think more good if leave morning morning] : I think it’s better to leave early in the morning
  • Dia pikir cara kerja itu bisa diperbaiki [He think way work that can be improved] : He thinks that the way {we} work could be improved
  • (inf.) Kayaknya mau ikut [I think will join] : I think that I’m going to join
  • Kamu percaya aku [You trust me] : You trust me.
  • Aku percaya dia bohong kepada aku [I believe he lie to I] : I believe he lied to me.
  • (inf.) Lebih baik di tertawakan karena belum nikah daripada tidak bisa tertawa setelah nikah [More good {passive mark} laugh because not yet marry than no can laugh after marry] : Better get laughed at because I’m not yet married than be unable to laugh due to my wedding.

Ask about someone else opinion

If you put tidak or ga (in Java) at the end of a sentence, then it translates by or not :

  • Mau ikut ga ? [Want join no ?] : Do you want to join or not ?

For intermediary speakers

Setuju : Agree

Tidak setuju : Disagree

Ternyata : Turns out

Yakin / Pasti / (form.) Tentu : Sure

Mending : better (this than that), you cannot use it with an adjective

  • Saya tidak setuju dengan kamu, idenya bahaya [I no agree with you, idea the dangerous] : I disagree with you, this idea is dangerous
  • Pasti dia datang [Sure he come] : Of course he’s coming
  • Dia yakin lihat orang itu kemarin [He sure see people that yesterday] : He is sure that he saw that guy yesterday
  • Ternyata kapalnya lagi mogok [Turns out ship-the again break down] : Turns out the ship is out of order
  • Mending nikah mudah biar ga dosa [Better marry young let not sin] : Better marry at a young age to avoid committing a sin (very common comment made by parents).
  • Aku berubah pikiran, besok ga jadi [I change mind, tomorrow no become] : I changed my mind, cancel our plans for tomorrow

(inf.) Kira : Thought, but you can only use it if what you had in mind did not happen

  • Aku kira besok mau ke bioskop [I think tomorrow will to cinema] : I thought I would go to the movie tomorrow {but it has been cancelled}

Seen in a local newspaper, [Sleepy heavy at Tempat Pemungutan Suara (Place Collection Voice), member “civil group” this downs ink which thought coffee] : Very sleepy at the polling station, this election volunteer downs a glass of ink thinking it was cofee

Use kira Bahasa

Expression that you might find in newspapers (formal Indonesian) :

  • Menurut : According to
  • Pendapatku : In my opinion
  • Berdasarkan : Based on

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